ϤΥ֥

칥ǯ䥸񤤤Ƥ

˻ڽ

֤ؤäĤͩפȤȸ

72a50a7bŻäƤޤޤǤȤֻ⾯٤뤫Τޤ󡣤κݤϿޤ󡣤DzƤȸ֤ΤǤ

ؤؤäĤͩ١ʳͩ
ϤФǤ򤹤ȸ֤ؤäĤͩפǤ

ڸá
ؤޤͩ٤Ȥäǡ3ܻͷԤϻդ˻Ǥ
6ܻͷԤդ3ܷ˻ڽդα餸뷿ȸźȤȸȤ󤬱餸뷿Ȥޤ

ڥȡ꡼
ƻ񲰤ˤؤäĤ㤤褿ҤäƣߤäƹԤäΣɽͤ㤷á롣֤ؤäĤ㤤᤿ҤǡäؤäĤäơפȤƻ񲰤ηޤȾͤΣߣǤʤ롣
줫ȸ֤ϤҤĤäƤ椯ˤʤȰäƤȸ֤
ȤȤҤĤʤʤäƤޤäʹФȡˤؤäĤͩФȸ
äƻ񲰤Ϥ餫Ĥ󤸤̵Ȼפ̤򤷤Ƥȡ΢ĹΤϤФǤʹ̾ФȤޤôǤ椯Τǡ٤ΰμöȰôǹԤü֤Ĥơ礤Ƥޤ񤬽Ф롣
Ƥߤ300ξ껳ʬ뤬դȤ⤹ȤäƤޤ
ˤؤäĤ顢ͩФƤƻ롣
ϲȤϹ̤뤫ȡξͩʤ롣
ϼöμ²Ȥ˹Ԥäơä300ξ̤Ƥ롦

ȤޤȸäƤΤԤդ仰ڽդǤ
źȤȸϤäñǡƻ񲰤鷧󤬤ؤäĤ򵤤ääơˤͩФƤޤ

θ塢300ξʬˤΤǤ褬ǹͩϷξΤҤ褦Ƥޤ˾ä󡣥򿶤äƸͩҤΤǤܤȾȽФƤޤޤ
֤⤦١פȸͩ˷
ִۤƤ餪⤦Ƥᤨ˶⤬ͤͤ
ֿäͩǤ褷­ϽФޤ

ڱԡ
ܻڽաϻԤաƻ֤դ̾ͤ餸Ƥޤ


ȾͩȤǤΤ̤ǡα鵻뤫Ǥ礦ͩ͡ǤȤȸ򤭤ȱ餸뤫ɤǤ͡

ǽ
ήԤڽθź⡢ȷǤ͡Ԥ30ʬǸΤǡǤݤޤ͡
ʤߤֻ̻դȤǤԤڽǤʤʻڽդˤ줬Τ
η⿧ʻȸäƤ򤤤ǤĹʤꡢޤ̤ΤǡȥͥǤ礦͡
оʪƤޤöͷӤäפ̤ʤƤϤʤޤ͡
ޤŪФ¿Τ⻰ڽԤħǤ
إͥ
ؤäĤʳˤȸΤϤޤɤλǤ䤳ΡɤޤɡɤʤʤäƤޤ͡
ΤϻӤΤ⤢äǤñۤϻäƹԤäǤ򤤤Ǥ͡

ֲʪȤפȤȸ

64f7c223زʪȤ
Ϻ߲ʤߡˤʤΤǽޤǹޤ
Ȥֻ٤뤫Τޤ󡣿ޤ

ڸá
ŵȻפޤ¤˺줿ȸǤ

ڥȡ꡼
ܽγ겼˿ͻȤιӤ郎ơͤۤФˡֲˤ餤
ͻȤӤʤ꤫ͤޤפȼƤޤȤͤݽϡʤʤդ򤳤ʤ
ǯФ᤿郎ȤäưñۤȤˤʤäȤʪФȤ򶲤ơƤޤä
ñۤ򤷤ǽաθ˽ʪɤǤȡ鿧ʲʪо줹ΤǤ
蘆ϤɤбΤ򤤤Ǥ衣

Ǥ͡ȸǡβʪϡͻȤιӤ蘆󤫤Ȼפä餽㤢ޤ͡
ξԤäݽ󤬡ȸäƤⲽʪǤ͡
ʪʾƯʤǤ顢礷Τʤ礷ʪǤ
ʿͤƱνäɤޤѤǤ͡

ڱԡ
Ťϻܾ󡢼ܲijڡƻڽդ¢ա֤դ餸ޤ


ڽդϲijڻդηƧǤ

ǽ
ڽդƤ򥳥ѥȤˤޤȤƤޤ
¢󤬻ǯƯΤҤ򤷤ȱ餸ͤޤ
ʤ󤫶Ǥ͡¢οյ㤤Ǥ
ڽդϾοȤΤ̤ơ
¢οդФƤޤ

֤īդɧϻդ餸ȡ蘆󤬿ͻȤӤΤ
Ф˷ҤäƤޤڽդȥۥȤˤοͤ
ͻȤӤȴƸ̣ޤ
äѤ̾ͤǤ͡

إͥ
֤դǤ͡
ȸŸ¾Ȥʰ㤤Ǥ©Ҥλ֤īդΤϺǹ򤤤ȻפäƤΤǤ
֤դβİ֤Ӥޤ
줰餤QˤäƤޤġĥۥǤ

ּ͡פȸ

e88a9de6b59cefbc91ؼ͡
ʤäƤޤޤֺǯ֤䤨ߡפȤޥߤǸäƤޤ͡
ͤɤĤ
ȸǯȸȸä餳ȡٵספǤ͡

ڸá
ȸϻܻڽդˤäŪͭ̾ˤʤޤ
ϻͷԤīդǡȸϺȸƤޤ
ȸΤϡ֤äѤ餤פȡۡפȡּ͡פȸƤޤ⤢ޤ

ڥȡ꡼
ξϼˤܤ졢Ż˿Ȥ³ī᤯˼á졢ʤǤεԾ˸ޤ֤᤮Ծ줬ޤƤޤ
ïʤͤդǴäƱɤᤫƤȡǶ˺ۤ򸫤Ĥޤ
ˤܤ⡣ͭĺŷεϼӵꡢ֤Ƥ⤫쵤ʬݤ

줤ǵФ˽˼ʤݤǼɤΤ˸ޤ
Ͻäۤηˤʤäʤ뤬˼ϡʤΤΤʤȸ
Ǥäϲ÷֤ƺۤõˤ̵سȤơĤ˺ۤη̴롣
ʤƾ𤱤ʤ̴򸫤ΤȻפǤؤƿƯФޤ

̿Ưꤷ䤬ƤäѤŹ򹽤뤳Ȥ褿ǯ糢롢ϺʤФƤθȤͤ餤Ƭ򲼤롣ǡ˼ϵκۤ򸫤ĤϡȡϤޤ

פ齦ä򸫤줿ʤϺǤޤȸΤ⡢Τϻˤޤ
ʹͻǤ10ξʸ7ξ2ʬȻǤ
ĹȤ̡̤ȤϺۤʪȤϤʤפ˾褸ơֺۤʤǽ餫齦äƤʤפȸڤ̴ȸˤޤ
ФäƤȤ礬ʤäᡢ꤫齦ε˺ۤ⤬Ϥ줿ΤǤ

οΤäϡʤؿդ뤳ȤϤʤƻƧˤʤäʬʹ֤ؤΩľ餻Ƥ줿ʤεž˶դ롣ʤϷ̿˴ĥäƤפϫͤ餤פ˼Ǥ⡢ȴ롣Ϥϵä䤬Ƥդˤ롣֤󡢤ʡ㤢ݤȤ뤫פפΩäˤդ֤

֤褽ޤ̴ˤʤȤͤ

ڱԡ
Ϥ껰ܷ˻ڽդʤȸƤФƤޤǤ֤īդϳΥ򤢤Ʊ餸ޤǤ򤤤Ǥ
餯餸ȻڽդȤΰ㤤ФʤȻפäΤȻפޤ


ν˼ȸȤѤäƤޤ͡
ͭ̾ʤΤֻ̻դǡ̤ȡ֤Ǥפȸǡλˡ٤ƿ̵פȿպᤷޤήΤ֤ʤʤȤƤޤƽ˼İ餸Ƥޤ͡ʤθ岿Ѥޤ

ĿŪǤ;εҤܶڤȲƤСȸȤƤɤΤǤϤʤȻפޤ͡
̩ʹȿ;̣餷˼ä鹬Ǥ͡

ǽ
ȸؤΰ򼴤Ȥ뤫ä󤬽ȸȤ뤫DZ餸ѤäޤܤİƤߤƲ

إͥ
ڽդȸͭ̾ˤʤäΤϡƣ⤢äǤȸνФͻҤ򤤤줿̤ϿäΤǤ礦͡
θĿŪʰոǤΰ١äΤ餷ʤݥ뤵ƤޤȻפޤ
ǡǤ礦ġġ

ֿפˤĤ

karutaͤȸɴͰβΡϤߡפͭ̾Ǥ줬ȤʤȸˤʤäޤڤȸǤ͡

ڸá
κʤϽʸκȤ졢αܤǡǤ餵褦ˤʤޤ

ڥȡ꡼
ö᤬ǤޤäΤǡöͤޤơĤʤߤη󤬿֤ƤߤȡƲǽвä˺ʤȸġĤĤޤѤäΤǤ
öϷˡΤ򸫤ĤƤнǤ뻰Ĺ򤯤ȸޤǷϤΤͤõ˽гݤޤޤ֤鲼Ƥ⤦̿Ǥ
ݤû˽񤫤줿²Τǡ
Ϥ ˤ ΡƤ ȤפפȸΤΤߤǤ
ߤ˶줿̤ꡢο桢򲰡ʤɡͤޤȤǾζӤबʤʤĤޤ
󤬤ʤȻܤξǵ٤ǤȡƬǤơΤͤѤǿǤȸͤäϤޤ
屡ǽвäö˲񤤤ȤΤǤݤϡû˽񤫤줿²ΤȸޤĤ˽вäΤǤ
ߤ˸Ĥȡߤˤä褤礤ˤʤꡢζäƻ񤤤ޤ
Ǥ⾲οۤʡ
ֳƤȤפ

ڱԡ
ܡ˻ڽդͭ̾Ǥ͡ĿŪˤϻܡź֤īդǤ͡öȷΤ꤬Ǥ


Ǥϸ꤬ſҤȤʤäƤޤ
Ƭ˲餬300ξȶŪˤʤäƤޤ
֤󤿤ΤȤμöϿΤǤʤפȴ뾲ˡֿϤ䡢᤿󤬹ŤפȤ륵⤢뤽Ǥ

ǽ
ǶǤϾǤϥĤʤ¿ʤäƤȤǤ͵Ԥäܷ˻޿դȤ߹礤Υ餸ȥդˡ֤ǤФؤ夬ޤȤǤ蘆ǤפʤɤȸäƽФޤϤȤȸǤΤǤȥäߤǤ

ö᤬ȸ¾ˡξߤפʤɤ⤢ޤȸϺǸ夬ϥåԡɤǽäƤΤṆ̀ɤǤ͡ϽפʤȤǡȥǤȸФҤϵʬ褯Ȥ˵ǤʤκǸ˽ФȸȤϤʤȤդƱܤ֤Ǥ
ȸİƵȤϲȤǤ͡

˺ʤȸȤã2ܷ˻ڽ

c0135543_2035086ڻܷ˻ڽۡ1902ǯ328 – 1961ǯ116
ϻܻڽդǤ
.ֽҡ
֤Ĥޡ


ܷݽѶ°ʺηݶˤǤηݶϿɤ¿ŵȸȤϸȤζ򴶤ƤǤΰ١ǯ춨˰Ҥޤ
Ԥīȱּ͡פȼ˺夲ޤʹߡͤؤξ𰦤̤̾Ȥǧ졢쵤̾ޤǤ⤳ηǡ¿ȸȤ餷Ƥޤ
ؤȸȤɽȤޤǸޤޤɾȤΰƣ׻˿ʬİ줿Ǥ


1918ǯ – ޤθꤹ뤬Ǥʤޤ礷դ̾롣
1921ǯ9 – ܾʤ⾮Ȳ̾
1926ǯ – ܷ˻ڽ粼˰ܤꡢ˻ˤȲ̾
1927ǯ10 – ⶶǷǾʤǻܽȲ̾
1932ǯ5 – ܽ⾮ޤȲ̾
1937ǯ – ȤٲȤžʼҤ̾롣
1943ǯ10 – Ҥۤ٤̾ˤʤäη㲽ˤȤ
̥ܵԤȲ̾
1950ǯ4 – ܷ˻ڽ̾

.֥ԥɡ
Ѥʿ̤ǡ٤Τ㤦ŹޤäƤǤͷĮޤҤ㤤˹Ԥäͭ̾Ǥ
ܾդȤƱǡդ路ۤɤͧǤαǡǯޤ줿Ĺˤ̾˾դ̾Ʊפ̾դޤ
ǯĹˤϾդ礷ܷ˻ڽ̾ޤ
ޤ㤤ǤäƤǡȻμפΰ̾⤢äǤ
.ձܡ
͡л©ҡؤäĤͩỌ̃̄¢ͤߡɲεƤ޲лش𡢶©ҡò塢ʪȤ֤¾
ǿ